858-429-9982 858-429-9982
  1. Mark Deniz has been a member of the California State bar for over 11 years.

    Mark is involved with the San Diego Bar Association serving on its legal panel.

    Due to his legal experience Mark Deniz has the privilege of serving on several attorney panels.

    Mark Deniz is a top contributor on Avvo providing outstanding legal advice. Mark Deniz also serves on the Avvo Legal Panel. The only San Diego Criminal Defense attorney who is on the panel.

  2. Mark Deniz is a member of California DUI Lawyers Association.

    Nation's Premier | NACDA | Top Ten Ranking 2014

    Mark Deniz has been named one of The National Academy of Criminal Defense Attorneys “Top 10” Attorneys.

    Mark Deniz has been deemed by The Lead Counsel Rating for providing exceptional legal representation to individuals and businesses.

    The firm is a member of the better business bureau who ensures quality service for its clients.

  3. The National Trial Lawyers - Top 100 Trial Lawyers

    Mark Deniz has consistently been named one of the National Trial Lawyers Top 100 Trial Lawyers.

    Mark Deniz is a member of the prestigious National College for DUI defense and has completed its intensive summer session curriculum conducted at Harvard Law School.

    Mark Deniz has received AVVO’s prestigious Clients’ Choice award

    The prestigious legal rating service AVVO has consistently given Law Offices of Mark Deniz a "Superb" rating.

  4. Proudly Serving the Community Service 2003

    Mark Deniz has proudly served as a member of the California state bar since 2003.

    Mark Deniz has consistently been named one of the National Trial Lawyers Top 100 Trial Lawyers.

  1. Mark Deniz has been a member of the California State bar for over 11 years.

  2. Mark is involved with the San Diego Bar Association serving on its legal panel.

  3. Due to his legal experience Mark Deniz has the privilege of serving on several attorney panels.

  4. Mark Deniz is a top contributor on Avvo providing outstanding legal advice. Mark Deniz also serves on the Avvo Legal Panel. The only San Diego Criminal Defense attorney who is on the panel.

  5. Mark Deniz is a member of California DUI Lawyers Association.

  6. Nation's Premier | NACDA | Top Ten Ranking 2014

    Mark Deniz has been named one of The National Academy of Criminal Defense Attorneys “Top 10” Attorneys.

  7. Mark Deniz has been deemed by The Lead Counsel Rating for providing exceptional legal representation to individuals and businesses.

  8. The firm is a member of the better business bureau who ensures quality service for its clients.

  9. The National Trial Lawyers - Top 100 Trial Lawyers

    Mark Deniz has consistently been named one of the National Trial Lawyers Top 100 Trial Lawyers.

  10. Mark Deniz is a member of the prestigious National College for DUI defense and has completed its intensive summer session curriculum conducted at Harvard Law School.

  11. Mark Deniz has received AVVO’s prestigious Clients’ Choice award

  12. The prestigious legal rating service AVVO has consistently given Law Offices of Mark Deniz a "Superb" rating.

  13. Proudly Serving the Community Service 2003

    Mark Deniz has proudly served as a member of the California state bar since 2003.

  14. Mark Deniz has consistently been named one of the National Trial Lawyers Top 100 Trial Lawyers.

What Prop 47 passing means for San Diego

It appears that Proposition 47 (Prop 47) passed. That means that there is changes here in San Diego.

Super star intern Alyssa Frazier will be talking about this later in the week so I will let her go into detail.  I will say that the result was not suprising.

Budgets is a big concern right now.  California's criminal system has been tough over the years resulting in lower crime.  Any public safety issues seems outweighed by the money to be saved.  The Proposition 47 folks did a good job of ensuring that violent criminal matters or public safety risks were unchanged.

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In sum, prop 47 changes sentencing for low level crimes.  Prop 47

 

Requires misdemeanor sentence instead of felony for petty theft, receiving stolen property, and

forging/writing bad checks when value or amount involved is $950 or less. Requires

misdemeanor sentence instead of felony for certain drug possession offenses. Allows felony

sentence for these offenses if person has previous conviction for crimes such as rape, murder or

child molestation or is a registered sex offender. Requires resentencing for persons serving

felony sentences for these offenses unless court finds unreasonable public safety risk. Appliessavings to mental health and drug treatment programs, K-12 schools, and crime victims.  

 

If there is a change in the crime rate that can be pointed to prop 47 there will no doubt be another Prop to amend the law.  In the meantime, there is a lot of adjustments by both defense, prosecution, and the judges.

 

Here is the full details of Prop 47

 

 

 

THE SAFE NEIGHBORHOODS AND SCHOOLS ACT

SECTION ONE. Title.

This Act shall be known as "the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Act."

SECTION TWO. Findings and Declarations.

The people of the State of California find and declare as follows:

The People enact the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Act to ensure that prison

spending is focused on violent and serious offenses, maximize alternatives for nonserious,

nonviolent crime, and invest the savings generated from this Act into prevention

and support programs in K-12 schools, victim services, and mental health and drug

treatment. This Act ensures that sentences for people convicted of dangerous crimes like

rape, murder, and child molestation are not changed.

SECTION THREE. Purpose and Intent.

In enacting this Act, it is the purpose and intent of the people of the State of

California to:

(1) Ensure that people convicted of murder, rape, and child molestation will not

benefit from this Act.

(2) Create the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Fund with 25% of the funds to be

provided to the Department of Education for crime prevention and support

programs in K-12 schools, 10% of the funds for trauma recovery services for

crime victims, and 65% of the funds for mental health and substance abuse

treatment programs to reduce recidivism of people in the justice system.

(3) Require misdemeanors instead of felonies for non-serious, nonviolent crimes like

petty theft and drug possession, unless the defendant has prior convictions for

specified violent or serious crimes.

(4) Authorize consideration of resentencing for anyone who is currently serving a

sentence for any of the offenses listed herein that are now misdemeanors.

(5) Require a thorough review of criminal history and risk assessment of any

individuals before resentencing to ensure that they do not pose a risk to public

safety.

(6) This measure will save significant state corrections dollars on an annual basis.

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Preliminary estimates range from $150 million to $250 million per year. This

measure will increase investments in programs that reduce crime and improve

public safety, such as prevention programs in K-12 schools, victim services, and

mental health and drug treatment, which will reduce future expenditures for

corrections.

SECTION FOUR.

Chapter 33 (commencing with Section 7599) is added to Division 7 of Title 1 of the

Government Code, to read:

Chapter 33. Creation of Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Fund

7599. (a) A fund to be known as the "Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Fund" is hereby

created within the State Treasury and, notwithstanding Government Code section 13340,

is continuously appropriated without regard for fiscal year for carrying out the purposes

of this chapter.

(b) For purposes of the calculations required by Section 8 of Article XVI of the

California Constitution, funds transferred to the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Fund

shall be considered General Fund revenues which may be appropriated pursuant to

Article XIII B.

7599.1. Funding Appropriation

(a) On or before July 31, 2016, and on or before July 31 of each fiscal year thereafter, the

Director of Finance shall calculate the savings that accrued to the state from the

implementation of this Act during the fiscal year ending June 30, as compared to the

fiscal year preceding the enactment of this Act. In making the calculation required by

this subdivision, the Director of Finance shall use actual data or best available estimates

where actual data is not available. The calculation shall be final and shall not be adjusted

for any subsequent changes in the underlying data. The Director of Finance shall certify

the results of the calculation to the Controller no later than August 1 of each fiscal year.

(b) Before August 15, 2016, and before August 15 of each fiscal year thereafter, the

Controller shall transfer from the General Fund to the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools

Fund the total amount calculated pursuant to subdivision (a).

(c) Monies in the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Fund shall be continuously

appropriated for the purposes of this Act. Funds transferred to the Safe Neighborhoods

and Schools Fund shall be used exclusively for the purposes of this Act and shall not be

subject to appropriation or transfer by the Legislature for any other purpose. The funds in

the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Fund may be used without regard to fiscal year.

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7599.2. Distribution of Monies from the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Fund

(a) By August 15 of each fiscal year beginning in 2016, the Controller shall disburse

monies deposited in the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Fund as follows:

(1) 25 percent to the State Department of Education, to administer a grant program to

public agencies aimed at improving outcomes for public school pupils in kindergarten

through 12th grade by reducing truancy and/or supporting students who are at-risk of

dropping out of school or are victims of crime.

(2) 10 percent to the Victim Compensation and Government Claims Board, to make

grants to trauma recovery centers to provide services to victims of crime pursuant to

Government Code section 13963.1.

(3) 65 percent to the Board of State and Community Corrections, to administer a grant

program to public agencies aimed at supporting mental health treatment, substance abuse

treatment, and diversion programs for people in the criminal justice system, with an

emphasis on programs that reduce recidivism of people convicted of less serious crimes,

such as those covered by this measure, and those who have substance abuse and mental

health problems.

(b) For each program set forth in paragraphs (1) through (3) above, the agency

responsible for administering the programs shall not spend more than five percent of the

total funds it receives from the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Fund on an annual basis

for administrative costs.

(c) Every two years, the Controller shall conduct an audit of the grant programs operated

by the agencies specified in paragraphs (1) through (3) to ensure the funds are disbursed

and expended solely according to this chapter and shall report his or her findings to the

Legislature and the public.

(d) Any costs incurred by the Controller and the Director of Finance in connection with

the administration of the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Fund, including the costs of

the calculation required by section 7599.1 and the audit required by subsection (c), as

determined by the Director of Finance, shall be deducted from the Safe Neighborhoods

and Schools Fund before the funds are disbursed pursuant to subsection (a).

(e) The funding established pursuant to this Act shall be used to expand programs for

public school pupils in kindergarten through 12th grade, victims of crime, and mental

health and substance abuse treatment and diversion programs for people in the criminal

justice system. These funds shall not be used to supplant existing state or local funds

utilized for these purposes.

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(f) Local agencies shall not be obligated to provide programs or levels of service

described in this chapter above the level for which funding has been provided.

SECTION FIVE.

Section 459a is added to the Penal Code, to read:

459a. (a) Notwithstanding Section 459, shoplifting is defined as entering a commercial

establishment with intent to commit larceny while that establishment is open during

regular business hours, where the value of the property that is taken or intended to be

taken does not exceed nine hundred fifty dollars ($950). Any other entry into a

commercial establishment with intent to commit larceny is burglary. Shoplifting shall be

punished as a misdemeanor, except that a person with one or more prior convictions for

an offense specified in clause (iv) of subparagraph (C) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (e)

of Section 667 or for an offense requiring registration pursuant to subdivision (c) of

Section 290 may be punished pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.

(b) Any act of shoplifting as defined in subdivision (a) shall be charged as shoplifting.

No person who is charged with shoplifting may also be charged with burglary or theft of

the same property.

SECTION SIX.

Section 473 of the Penal Code is hereby amended to read:

473. (a) Forgery is punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one

year, or by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.

(b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), any person who is guilty of forgery relating to a

check, bond, bank bill, note, cashier's check, traveler's check, or money order, where the

value of the check, bond, bank bill, note, cashier's check, traveler's check, or money

order does not exceed nine hundred fifty dollars ($950), shall be punishable by

imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year, except that such person may

instead be punished pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 if that person has one or

more prior convictions for an offense specified in clause (iv) of subparagraph (C) of

paragraph (2) of subdivision (e) of Section 667 or for an offense requiring registration

pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 290. This subdivision shall not be applicable to

any person who is convicted both of forgery and of identity theft, as defined in Section

530.5.

5

SECTION SEVEN.

Section 476a of the Penal Code is hereby amended to read:

476a. (a) Any person who, for himself or herself, as the agent or representative of

another, or as an officer of a corporation, willfully, with intent to defraud, makes or

draws or utters or delivers a check, draft, or order upon a bank or depositary, a person, a

firm, or a corporation, for the payment of money, knowing at the time of that making,

drawing, uttering, or delivering that the maker or drawer or the corporation has not

sufficient funds in, or credit with the bank or depositary, person, firm, or corporation, for

the payment of that check, draft, or order and all other checks, drafts, or orders upon

funds then outstanding, in full upon its presentation, although no express representation is

made with reference thereto, is punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for not more

than one year, or pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.

(b) However, if the total amount of all checks, drafts, or orders that the defendant is

charged with and convicted of making, drawing, or uttering does not exceed four hundred

fifty dollars ($450) nine hundred fifty dollars ($950), the offense is punishable only by

imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year, except that such person may

instead be punished pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 if that person has one or

more prior convictions for an offense specified in clause (iv) of subparagraph (C) of

paragraph (2) of subdivision (e) of Section 667 or for an offense requiring registration

pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 290. This subdivision shall not be applicable if the

defendant has previously been convicted of a three or more violations of Section 470,

475, or 476, or of this section, or of the crime of petty theft in a case in which defendant's

offense was a violation also of Section 470, 475, or 476 or of this section or if the

defendant has previously been convicted of any offense under the laws of any other state

or of the United States which, if committed in this state, would have been punishable as a

violation of Section 470, 475 or 476 or of this section or if he has been so convicted of

the crime of petty theft in a case in which, if defendant's offense had been committed in

this state, it would have been a violation also of Section 470, 475, or 476, or of this

section.

(c) Where the check, draft, or order is protested on the ground of insufficiency of funds or

credit, the notice of protest shall be admissible as proof of presentation, nonpayment, and

protest and shall be presumptive evidence of knowledge of insufficiency of funds or

credit with the bank or depositary, person, firm, or corporation.

(d) In any prosecution under this section involving two or more checks, drafts, or orders,

it shall constitute prima facie evidence of the identity of the drawer of a check, draft, or

order if both of the following occur:

6

(1) When the payee accepts the check, draft, or order from the drawer, he or she obtains

from the drawer the following information: name and residence of the drawer, business

or mailing address, either a valid driver's license number or Department of Motor

Vehicles identification card number, and the drawer's home or work phone number or

place of employment. That information may be recorded on the check, draft, or order

itself or may be retained on file by the payee and referred to on the check, draft, or order

by identifying number or other similar means.

(2) The person receiving the check, draft, or order witnesses the drawer's signature or

endorsement, and, as evidence of that, initials the check, draft, or order at the time of

receipt.

(e) The word "credit" as used herein shall be construed to mean an arrangement or

understanding with the bank or depositary, person, firm, or corporation for the payment

of a check, draft, or order.

(f) If any of the preceding paragraphs, or parts thereof, shall be found unconstitutional or

invalid, the remainder of this section shall not thereby be invalidated, but shall remain in

full force and effect.

(g) A sheriff's department, police department, or other law enforcement agency may

collect a fee from the defendant for investigation, collection, and processing of

checks referred to their agency for investigation of alleged violations of this section or

Section 476.

(h) The amount of the fee shall not exceed twenty-five dollars ($25) for each bad check,

in addition to the amount of any bank charges incurred by the victim as a result of the

alleged offense. If the sheriff's department, police department, or other law enforcement

agency collects a fee for bank charges incurred by the victim pursuant to this section, that

fee shall be paid to the victim for any bank fees the victim may have been assessed. In no

event shall reimbursement of the bank charge to the victim pursuant to this section

exceed ten dollars ($10) per check.

SECTION EIGHT.

Section 490.2 is added to the Penal Code, to read:

490.2. (a) Notwithstanding Section 487 or any other provision of law defining grand

theft, obtaining any property by theft where the value of the money, labor, real or

personal property taken does not exceed nine hundred fifty dollars ($950), shall be

considered petty theft and shall be punished as a misdemeanor, except that such person

may instead be punished pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 if that person has

one or more prior convictions for an offense specified in clause (iv) of subparagraph (C)

7

of paragraph (2) of subdivision (e) of Section 667 or for an offense requiring registration

pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 290.

(b) This section shall not be applicable to any theft that may be charged as an infraction

pursuant to any other provision of law.

SECTION NINE.

Section 496 of the Penal Code is hereby amended to read:

496. (a) Every person who buys or receives any property that has been stolen or that has

been obtained in any manner constituting theft or extortion, knowing the property to be

so stolen or obtained, or who conceals, sells, withholds, or aids in concealing, selling, or

withholding any property from the owner, knowing the property to be so stolen or

obtained, shall be punished by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year,

or imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170. However, if the district

attorney or the grand jury determines that this action would be in the interests of justice,

the district attorney or the grand jury, as the case may be, may, if the value of the

property does not exceed nine hundred fifty dollars ($950), specify in the accusatory

pleading that the offense shall be a misdemeanor, punishable only by imprisonment in a

county jail not exceeding one year, if such person has no prior convictions for an offense

specified in clause (iv) of subparagraph (C) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (e) of

Section 667 or for an offense requiring registration pursuant to subdivision (c) of

Section 290.

A principal in the actual theft of the property may be convicted pursuant to this section.

However, no person may be convicted both pursuant to this section and of the theft of the

same property.

(b) Every swap meet vendor, as defined in Section 21661 of the Business and Professions

Code, and every person whose principal business is dealing in, or collecting, merchandise

or personal property, and every agent, employee, or representative of that person, who

buys or receives any property of a value in excess of nine hundred fifty dollars ($950)

that has been stolen or obtained in any manner constituting theft or extortion, under

circumstances that should cause the person, agent, employee, or representative to make

reasonable inquiry to ascertain that the person from whom the property was bought or

received had the legal right to sell or deliver it, without making a reasonable inquiry,

shall be punished by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year, or

imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.

Every swap meet vendor, as defined in Section 21661 of the Business and Professions

Code, and every person whose principal business is dealing in, or collecting, merchandise

or personal property, and every agent, employee, or representative of that person, who

8

buys or receives any property of a value of nine hundred fifty dollars ($950) or less that

has been stolen or obtained in any manner constituting theft or extortion, under

circumstances that should cause the person, agent, employee, or representative to make

reasonable inquiry to ascertain that the person from whom the property was bought or

received had the legal right to sell or deliver it, without making a reasonable inquiry,

shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

(c) Any person who has been injured by a violation of subdivision (a) or (b) may bring an

action for three times the amount of actual damages, if any, sustained by the plaintiff,

costs of suit, and reasonable attorney's fees.

(d) Notwithstanding Section 664, any attempt to commit any act prohibited by this

section, except an offense specified in the accusatory pleading as a misdemeanor, is

punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year, or by

imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.

SECTION TEN.

Section 666 of the Penal Code is hereby amended to read:

666. (a) Notwithstanding Section 490, every person who, having been convicted three or

more times of petty theft, grand theft, a conviction pursuant to subdivision (d) or (e) of

Section 368, auto theft under Section 10851 of the Vehicle Code, burglary, carjacking,

robbery, or a felony violation of Section 496 and having served a term therefor in any

penal institution or having been imprisoned therein as a condition of probation for that

offense, and who is subsequently convicted of petty theft, is punishable by imprisonment

in a county jail not exceeding one year, or imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of

Section 1170.

(b)(a) Notwithstanding Section 490, any person described in subdivision (b)

paragraph (1) who, having been convicted of petty theft, grand theft, a conviction

pursuant to subdivision (d) or (e) of Section 368, auto theft under Section 10851 of the

Vehicle Code, burglary, carjacking, robbery, or a felony violation of Section 496, and

having served a term of imprisonment therefor in any penal institution or having been

imprisoned therein as a condition of probation for that offense, and who is subsequently

convicted of petty theft, is punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding

one year, or in the state prison.

(1)(b) This s Subdivision (a) shall apply to any person who is required to register

pursuant to the Sex Offender Registration Act, or who has a prior violent or serious

felony conviction, as specified in subdivision (c) of Section 667.5 or subdivision (c) of

Section 1192.7 clause (iv) of subparagraph (C) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (e) of

Section 667, or has a conviction pursuant to subdivision (d) or (e) of Section 368.

9

(2)(c) This subdivision section shall not be construed to preclude prosecution or

punishment pursuant to subdivisions (b) to (i), inclusive, of Section 667, or

Section 1170.12.

SECTION ELEVEN.

Section 11350 of the Health and Safety Code is hereby amended to read:

11350. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this division, every person who possesses

(1) any controlled substance specified in subdivision (b), or (c), (e), or paragraph (1) of

subdivision (f) of Section 11054, specified in paragraph (14), (15), or (20) of

subdivision (d) of Section 11054, or specified in subdivision (b) or (c) of Section 11055,

or specified in subdivision (h) of Section 11056, or (2) any controlled substance classified

in Schedule III, IV, or V which is a narcotic drug, unless upon the written prescription of

a physician, dentist, podiatrist, or veterinarian licensed to practice in this state, shall be

punished by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year, except that such

person shall instead be punished pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 of the Penal

Code if that person has one or more prior convictions for an offense specified in

clause (iv) of subparagraph (C) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (e) of Section 667 of the

Penal Code or for an offense requiring registration pursuant to subdivision (c) of

Section 290 of the Penal Code.

(b) Except as otherwise provided in this division, every person who possesses any

controlled substance specified in subdivision (e) of Section 11054 shall be punished by

imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year or pursuant to subdivision (h) of

Section 1170 of the Penal Code.

(c) (b) Except as otherwise provided in this division, whenever a person who possesses

any of the controlled substances specified in subdivision (a) or (b), the judge may, in

addition to any punishment provided for pursuant to subdivision (a) or (b), assess against

that person a fine not to exceed seventy dollars ($70) with proceeds of this fine to be used

in accordance with Section 1463.23 of the Penal Code. The court shall, however, take

into consideration the defendant's ability to pay, and no defendant shall be denied

probation because of his or her inability to pay the fine permitted under this subdivision.

(d) (c) Except in unusual cases in which it would not serve the interest of justice to do so,

whenever a court grants probation pursuant to a felony conviction under this section, in

addition to any other conditions of probation which may be imposed, the following

conditions of probation shall be ordered:

(1) For a first offense under this section, a fine of at least one thousand dollars ($1,000)

or community service.

10

(2) For a second or subsequent offense under this section, a fine of at least two thousand

dollars ($2,000) or community service.

(3) If a defendant does not have the ability to pay the minimum fines specified in

paragraphs (1) and (2), community service shall be ordered in lieu of the fine.

SECTION TWELVE.

Section 11357 of the Health and Safety Code is hereby amended to read:

11357. (a) Except as authorized by law, every person who possesses any concentrated

cannabis shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail for a period of not more

than one year or by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars ($500), or by both such

fine and imprisonment, or shall be punished by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h)

of Section 1170 of the Penal Code except that such person may instead be punished

pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 of the Penal Code if that person has one or

more prior convictions for an offense specified in clause (iv) of subparagraph (C) of

paragraph (2) of subdivision (e) of Section 667 of the Penal Code or for an offense

requiring registration pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 290 of the Penal Code.

(b) Except as authorized by law, every person who possesses not more than 28.5 grams of

marijuana, other than concentrated cannabis, is guilty of an infraction punishable by a

fine of not more than one hundred dollars ($100).

(c) Except as authorized by law, every person who possesses more than 28.5 grams of

marijuana, other than concentrated cannabis, shall be punished by imprisonment in a

county jail for a period of not more than six months or by a fine of not more than five

hundred dollars ($500), or by both such fine and imprisonment.

(d) Except as authorized by law, every person 18 years of age or over who possesses not

more than 28.5 grams of marijuana, other than concentrated cannabis, upon the grounds

of, or within, any school providing instruction in kindergarten or any of grades

1 through 12 during hours the school is open for classes or school-related programs is

guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred

dollars ($500), or by imprisonment in a county jail for a period of not more than 10 days,

or both.

(e) Except as authorized by law, every person under the age of 18 who possesses not

more than 28.5 grams of marijuana, other than concentrated cannabis, upon the grounds

of, or within, any school providing instruction in kindergarten or any of grades 1

through 12 during hours the school is open for classes or school-related programs is

guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be subject to the following dispositions:

11

(1) A fine of not more than two hundred fifty dollars ($250), upon a finding that a first

offense has been committed.

(2) A fine of not more than five hundred dollars ($500), or commitment to a juvenile hall,

ranch, camp, forestry camp, or secure juvenile home for a period of not more than

10 days, or both, upon a finding that a second or subsequent offense has been committed.

SECTION THIRTEEN.

Section 11377 of the Health and Safety Code is hereby amended to read:

11377. (a) Except as authorized by law and as otherwise provided in subdivision (b) or

Section 11375, or in Article 7 (commencing with Section 4211) of Chapter 9 of

Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code, every person who possesses any

controlled substance which is (1) classified in Schedule III, IV, or V, and which is not a

narcotic drug, (2) specified in subdivision (d) of Section 11054, except paragraphs (13),

(14), (15), and (20) of subdivision (d), (3) specified in paragraph (11) of subdivision (c)

of Section 11056, (4) specified in paragraph (2) or (3) of subdivision (f) of

Section 11054, or (5) specified in subdivision (d), (e), or (f) of Section 11055, unless

upon the prescription of a physician, dentist, podiatrist, or veterinarian, licensed to

practice in this state, shall be punished by imprisonment in a county jail for a period of

not more than one year or pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 of the Penal Code,

except that such person may instead be punished pursuant to subdivision (h) of

Section 1170 of the Penal Code if that person has one or more prior convictions for an

offense specified in clause (iv) of subparagraph (C) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (e) of

Section 667 of the Penal Code or for an offense requiring registration pursuant to

subdivision (c) of Section 290 of the Penal Code.

(b)(1) Any person who violates subdivision (a) by unlawfully possessing a controlled

substance specified in subdivision (f) of Section 11056, and who has not previously been

convicted of a violation involving a controlled substance specified in subdivision (f) of

Section 11056, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(2) Any person who violates subdivision (a) by unlawfully possessing a controlled

substance specified in subdivision (g) of Section 11056 is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(3) Any person who violates subdivision (a) by unlawfully possessing a controlled

substance specified in paragraph (7) or (8) of subdivision (d) of Section 11055 is guilty of

a misdemeanor.

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(4) Any person who violates subdivision (a) by unlawfully possessing a controlled

substance specified in paragraph (8) of subdivision (f) of Section 11057 is guilty of a

misdemeanor.

(c)(b) In addition to any fine assessed under subdivision (b), tThe judge may assess a fine

not to exceed seventy dollars ($70) against any person who violates subdivision (a), with

the proceeds of this fine to be used in accordance with Section 1463.23 of the Penal

Code. The court shall, however, take into consideration the defendant's ability to pay,

and no defendant shall be denied probation because of his or her inability to pay the fine

permitted under this subdivision.

SECTION FOURTEEN.

Section 1170.18 is added to the Penal Code, to read:

1170.18. (a) A person currently serving a sentence for a conviction, whether by trial or

plea, of a felony or felonies who would have been guilty of a misdemeanor under this Act

had this Act been in effect at the time of the offense may petition for a recall of sentence

before the trial court that entered the judgment of conviction in his or her case to request

resentencing in accordance with Sections 11350, 11357, or 11377 of the Health and

Safety Code, or Sections 459a, 473, 476a, 490.2, 496, or 666 of the Penal Code, as those

sections have been amended by this Act.

(b) Upon receiving a petition under subdivision (a), the court shall determine whether the

petitioner satisfies the criteria in subdivision (a). If the petitioner satisfies the criteria in

subdivision (a), the petitioner's felony sentence shall be recalled and the petitioner

resentenced to a misdemeanor pursuant to Sections 11350, 11357, or 11377 of the Health

and Safety Code, or Sections 459a, 473, 476a, 490.2, 496, or 666 of the Penal Code, as

those sections have been amended by this Act, unless the court, in its discretion,

determines that resentencing the petitioner would pose an unreasonable risk of danger to

public safety. In exercising its discretion, the court may consider:

(1) The petitioner's criminal conviction history, including the type of crimes committed,

the extent of injury to victims, the length of prior prison commitments, and the

remoteness of the crimes;

(2) The petitioner's disciplinary record and record of rehabilitation while incarcerated;

and

(3) Any other evidence the court, within its discretion, determines to be relevant in

deciding whether a new sentence would result in an unreasonable risk of danger to public

safety.

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(c) As used throughout this Code, "unreasonable risk of danger to public safety" means

an unreasonable risk that the petitioner will commit a new violent felony within the

meaning of clause (iv) of subparagraph (C) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (e) of

Section 667.

(d) A person who is resentenced pursuant to subdivision (b) shall be given credit for time

served and shall be subject to parole for one year following completion of his or her

sentence, unless the court, in its discretion, as part of its resentencing order, releases the

person from parole. Such person is subject to Section 3000.08 parole supervision by the

Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation and the jurisdiction of the court in the

county in which the parolee is released, resides, or in which an alleged violation of

supervision has occurred, for the purpose of hearing petitions to revoke parole and

impose a term of custody.

(e) Under no circumstances may resentencing under this section result in the imposition

of a term longer than the original sentence.

(f) A person who has completed his or her sentence for a conviction, whether by trial or

plea, of a felony or felonies who would have been guilty of a misdemeanor under this Act

had this Act been in effect at the time of the offense may file an application before the

trial court that entered the judgment of conviction in his or her case to have the felony

conviction or convictions designated as misdemeanors.

(g) If the application satisfies the criteria in subdivision (f), the court shall designate the

felony offense or offenses as a misdemeanor.

(h) Unless requested by the applicant, no hearing is necessary to grant or deny an

application filed under subsection (f).

(i) The provisions of this section shall not apply to persons who have one or more prior

convictions for an offense specified in clause (iv) of subparagraph (C) of paragraph (2) of

subdivision (e) of Section 667 or for an offense requiring registration pursuant to

subdivision (c) of Section 290.

(j) Any petition or application under this section must be filed within three years after the

effective date of the Act that added this section or at a later date upon a showing of good

cause.

(k) Any felony conviction that is recalled and resentenced under subsection (b) or

designated as a misdemeanor under subsection (g) shall be considered a misdemeanor for

all purposes, except that such resentencing shall not permit that person to own, possess,

or have in his or her custody or control any firearm or prevent his or her conviction under

Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 29800) of Division 9 of Title 4 of Part 6.

14

(l) If the court that originally sentenced the petitioner is not available, the presiding judge

shall designate another judge to rule on the petition or application.

(m) Nothing in this section is intended to diminish or abrogate any rights or remedies

otherwise available to the petitioner or applicant.

(n) Nothing in this and related sections is intended to diminish or abrogate the finality of

judgments in any case not falling within the purview of this Act.

(o) A resentencing hearing ordered under this Act shall constitute a "post-conviction

release proceeding" under paragraph (7) of subdivision (b) of Section 28 of Article I of

the California Constitution (Marsy's Law).

SECTION FIFTEEN. Amendment.

This Act shall be broadly construed to accomplish its purposes. The provisions of

this measure may be amended by a two-thirds vote of the members of each house of the

Legislature and signed by the Governor so long as such amendments are consistent with

and further the intent of this Act. The Legislature may by majority vote amend, add, or

repeal provisions to further reduce the penalties for any of the offenses addressed by this

Act.

SECTION SIXTEEN. Severability.

If any provision of this measure, or part of this measure, or the application of any

provision or part to any person or circumstances, is for any reason held to be invalid, the

remaining provisions, or applications of provisions, shall not be affected, but shall remain

in full force and effect, and to this end the provisions of this measure are severable.

SECTION SEVENTEEN. Conflicting Initiatives.

(a) This Act changes the penalties associated with certain non-serious, nonviolent

crimes. In the event that this measure and another initiative measure or measures relating

to the same subject appear on the same statewide election ballot, the provisions of the

other measure or measures shall be deemed to be in conflict with this measure. In the

event that this measure receives a greater number of affirmative votes, the provisions of

this measure shall prevail in their entirety, and the provisions of the other measure shall

be null and void. However, in the event that this measure and another measure or

measures containing provisions that eliminate penalties for the possession of concentrated

cannabis are approved at the same election, the voters intend such provisions relating to

concentrated cannabis in the other measure or measures to prevail, regardless of which

measure receives a greater number of affirmative votes. The voters also intend to give

15

full force and effect to all other applications and provisions of this measure, and such

other measure or measures, but only to the extent such other measure or measures are not

inconsistent with the provisions of this Act.

(b) If this measure is approved by voters but superseded by law by any other

conflicting measure approved by voters at the same election, and the conflicting ballot

measure is later held invalid, this measure shall be self-executing and given full force and

effect.

SECTION EIGHTEEN. Liberal Construction.

 

This Act shall be liberally construed to effectuate its purposes.

 

Hire a Proactive, affordable, and quality defense when you are facing San Diego DUI charges.  Whether you have been charged of a San Diego DUI, Poway DUI, La Mesa DUI, Santee DUI, Mission Valley DUI, Clairemont DUI, Point Loma DUI, La Jolla DUI, Carmel Valley DUI, Mira Mesa DUI, Pacific Beach DUI, Del Mar DUI, Carmel Valley DUI, Encinitas DUI, Oceanside DUI, Ocean Beach DUI, Escondido DUI, Vista DUI, San Marcos DUI, Carlsbad DUI, El Cajon DUI it is vital you need to hire an attorney who knows how to defend your rights and can determine if the government can prove their case.  Contact the Law Office of Mark Deniz now for a free case evaluation at (858) 751-4384 or send an email to mark@denizdefense.com. 

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