Certificate of Rehabilitation
A certificate of rehabilitation is literally, as its name suggests, a finding by a judge that someone is rehabilitated. This finding allows the individual certain things (relief from 290 registration being the most significant) and automatically qualifies one to apply for a governor’s pardon. The process is very complex and few law firms handle these cases with the skill needed to deliver results. The Law Offices of Mark Deniz is proud to handle and excel in Certificate of Rehabilitation matters. Contact us for a free consultation at (858) 751-4384.
What is a Certificate of Rehabilitation and who is eligible?
A Certificate of Rehabilitation is a judge’s ruling that an individual is now of good moral character and obeying the law. In other words, there is a certification of rehabilitation. It is most often sought by someone who served time in prison and who is otherwise ineligible for expungement.
The general rule is that if someone has been a resident of California for the past five years after being released from parole or probation, he or she should consider applying for a Certificate of Rehabilitation in the county of their residence. If the person was convicted of certain offenses (i.e. Penal Code §§ 187, 209, 219, 311.2, 311.3, 311.10, 314, 4500 or 18755), you must wait two or five years more before applying may be required. However, California Gov. Brown signed SB 530 on October 10, 2013, and among other things, it created a new section of the California Penal Code § 4852.22, which now allows trial courts to approve early Certificate of Rehabilitation applications if, in their discretion, the interests of justice are served. The best route is to get this lengthy process started as soon as possible. It begins with calling The Law Offices of Mark Deniz at (858) 751-4384.
California Penal Code § 4852.05 controls the judge’s analysis of a request for a certificate of rehabilitation. Section 4852.05 states that to apply, “the person shall live an honest and upright life, shall conduct himself or herself with sobriety and industry, shall exhibit a good moral character, and shall conform to and obey the laws of the land.”
Someone who served time for murder, kidnapping, and certain child pornography convictions may apply for such a Certificate of Rehabilitation, although there are slightly different waiting time requirements before applying.
In deciding whether the applicant has met such rather ambiguous requirements, the court will first look at whether the applicant has resided in California for five continuous years since being released from prison, jail, a detention facility or any other institution. The applicant, if placed on parole, must complete one year of residency after being released from parole (as well as the five-year requirement).
Second, the judge will verify that the applicant was not convicted of certain offenses, as certain offenses are not eligible for a certificate of rehabilitation. They are Penal Code § 286(c) (sodomy of a minor), 288 (lewd acts with a minor – child molestation), 288a(c) (oral copulation with a minor), 288.5 (continuous sexual abuse of a child) and 289(j) (forcible sexual penetration of a child) or you received a sentence involving life parole.
A common applicant interested in such a certificate is a registered sex offender. This is because a certificate of rehabilitation (as well as a pardon) will relieve the applicant of the Penal Code § 290 registration requirements. People v. Garcia (2008) 74 Cal.Rptr.3d 681, 161 Cal.App4th 475; see also People v. Zaidi (2007) 55 Cal.Rptr 3d. 566, 147 Cal.Rptr.4th 1470.
It is important to understand that a pardon does not erase the underlying conviction. People v. Mendez (1991) 286 Cal.Rptr. 216, 234 Cal.App.3d 1173. It also does not seal the records or destroy the file. In fact, a pardoned felon is still required to register as applicable under local ex-convict registration ordinances. 28 Op.Atty.Gen. 178, 10-5-56.
Benefits of a Certificate of Rehabilitation
The benefits of receiving a Certificate of Rehabilitation are attractive to many who have previously had difficulty obtaining employment. For example, under Penal Code § 4852.17, once a Certificate of Rehabilitation is granted, the clerk is supposed to immediately report it to the Department of Justice, which is then supposed to transmit this change of status to the FBI in Washington, D.C. Also, under Penal Code § 4852.16, once a Certificate of Rehabilitation is granted, the clerk is required to immediately transmit certified copies to the Governor of the State of California for a full pardon. The governor may then grant the pardon without further investigation. If a pardon is granted, the person can again vote, own and possess a firearm, unless the felony conviction at issue involved the use of a dangerous weapon.
In addition, under Business and Professions Code § 480, if one is granted a Certificate of Rehabilitation, that person may not be denied a business or professional license based only on his or her conviction. Also, under Evidence Code § 788, a granted Certificate of Rehabilitation prevents another party at trial from impeaching a person’s credibility by introducing the prior felony conviction. This can be a significant benefit in a custody battle for children or in a divorce proceeding where the other spouse is eager to let a judge know about their soon-to-be-ex’s criminal history. This will put an end to such an attack. If you are eligible for a Certificate or Rehabilitation, you want to get the ball rolling by calling The Law Offices of Mark Deniz at (858) 751-4384.
Get Help To Get A Certificate Of Rehabilitation
A certificate of rehabilitation is a certificate stating that someone has been rehabilitated. This certificate, issued by a judge, may allow in certain cases an individual to obtain relief from sex offender registration and also qualifies the individual for pardon by the governor. However, the process of obtaining a certificate of rehabilitation is quite complicated.
Fortunately, the criminal defense law firm of The Law Offices of Mark Deniz APLC is proud to handle and excel all matters pertaining to certificates of rehabilitation. We can determine whether you qualify for one, and will handle all the steps in the process on your behalf.
Who Qualifies For A Certificate Of Rehabilitation?
Generally speaking, you may qualify for a certificate of rehabilitation if:
- The state convicted you of a felony offense
- The state convicted you of a misdemeanor sex offense
- You were granted probation, your probationary period has ended, and you have obtained an expungement
- You were sentenced to prison, and you have been discharged from parole
- You have continuously resided in the state of California for at least the last five years immediately preceding filing of the petition
- You have remained law abiding for the last seven years (for most) or 10 years if a sex crime
California Penal Code § 4852.05 states that a judge can award a certificate if:
“The person shall live an honest and upright life, shall conduct himself or herself with sobriety and industry, shall exhibit a good moral character, and shall conform to and obey the laws of the land.”
When you contact The Law Offices of Mark Deniz APLC, we can assess your case to determine whether you can apply for a certificate of rehabilitation. Then, we can help you understand what you need to do to obtain it.
Learn More In A Free Consultation
To schedule an appointment to speak with an attorney, contact 858-429-9982 in San Diego today. We provide free initial consultations – you have no risk and no obligation to speak to us about your certificate of rehabilitation. Call The Law Offices of Mark Deniz APLC or send us an email today.